Chocolate Wiki

Chocolate comprises a number of raw and processed foods that are produced from the seed of the tropical Cocoa Tree.

Cultivation of Chocolate

Native to lowland tropical South America, cacao has been cultivated for three thousand years in Central America and Mexico, with its earliest documented use around 1100 BC. All of the Mesoamerican peoples made chocolate beverages, including the Maya and Aztecs, who made it into a beverage known as xocolātl, a Nahuatl word meaning "bitter water". The seeds of the cacao tree have an intense bitter taste, and must be fermented to develop the flavor. After being roasted and ground, the resulting products are known as chocolate or cocoa.



Cocoa Liquor is blended with the Cocoa Butter in varying quantities to make different types of chocolate or couvertures. The main types of chocolate and their ingredients are:

  • Dark Chocolate: sugar, cocoa butter, cocoa liquor, and (sometimes) vanilla
  • Milk Chocolate: sugar, cocoa butter, cocoa liquor, milk or milk powder and vanilla.
  • White Chocolate: sugar, cocoa butter, milk or milk powder,